Anti-Human Trafficking Unit

The Anti Human Trafficking Module Women Safety Wing works as per comprehensive state policy envisaging provisions for protection, prevention, rescue and rehabilitation of trafficking in person. Women Safety Wing is the nodal agency for monitoring the functioning of AHTUs in all districts of Telangana working with an intention to put an end to human trafficking in the State in tandem with various stakeholders to achieve the goal.

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About AHTU

AHTU is established to tackle the menace of human trafficking in the state of telangana. Women Safety Wing is the nodal agency to monitor the functioning of AHTUs in all districts of Telangana working with an intention to put an end to human trafficking in state in tandem with various stakeholders to achieve the goal.

To tackle the menace of Human Trafficking the state of Telangana has established Anti Human Trafficking Units in 31 Police Districts/Commisionerates. AHTU’s ‘Training of Trainers’ program attempts to build capacity to tackle the menace of Human Trafficking which is a highly organized conventional as well as a digital/online crime.

Composition of AHTUs

Each AHT Unit is given the strength of 1 Inspector, 2 Sub- Inspectors, 2 Head constables, 4 Police constables (with atleast 1 Woman Constable) and they are provided with the necessary logistics.

Dhruva Portal

“DHRUVA”, is the first-ever Knowledge Portal on Human Trafficking. The web portal is an initiative of this effort to curb human trafficking in Telangana. It is a by-product of a larger effort being made through the project “Strengthening of AHTUs in Telangana State by Effective Prevention, Protection, and Prosecution of Human Trafficking Cases”.

The belief behind the idea is that understanding the problem and learning about it is the first step towards change. ‘Dhruva’ is a knowledge portal that strives to increase awareness amongst various stakeholders ranging from police and prosecutors to citizens. From conceptual explanations to protocols and guidelines, ‘Dhruva’ serves as a database to understand everything related to human trafficking.

Dhruva acts as a library with a wealth of information on Human Trafficking. Anyone from police, prosecutor and an NGO employee to a common citizen can use this portal to learn about human trafficking and also test their understanding. The content on Dhruva is available in both English and Telugu. The E-Assessment is available in two levels: basic and advanced. Successfully completing the assessment will result in certification.

Key Statistics

Established year
Children traced/rescued every month
900 s

Operation Muskaan

As per the directions of the Ministry of Home Affairs, New Delhi Operation Muskaan/Smile has been taken up in Telangana since 2015 every year in the months of January and July. Teams are formed with 1 SI + 4 PCs per Sub-Division to trace missing children, runaway children, trafficked children, child labour, bonded labour, organized beggars, street children and child servants. A coordination meeting is held with representatives from the departments of WDCW, Revenue, Labour, Railways, Social Welfare, NGOs, Education Department, Health Department, State Legal Service Authority, etc. before commencement of the operation. Training sessions are conducted to brief the teams on the standard operating procedures, JJ Act and POCSO Act and to motivate them. They are instructed to upload all the missing children data on the Track Child portal. Letters are addressed to concerned states for keeping teams ready when other state children are being traced during Operation Smile/Muskaan.

AHTU Telangana SOP

Pre-FIR activities

Collect intelligence on traffickers, interrogation of suspects, develop & update a database of traffickers.

Pre-rescue planning

Verify genuineness of information and take prompt action. Ensure proper legal sanction where necessary, plan logistics and contingencies.

Rescue operation

Conduct recce, ensure necessary planning and team, involve NGOs, arrange documentation and carry out rescue operation.

Registering the FIR

Use appropriate sections in the FIR, in addition to ITPA, IPC sections to be invoked. Any additional offences revealed during investigation also added.


The investigation process comprises of collection of material objects, search, interrogation of suspects & accused and arrest of the accused.


A correct and proper charge sheet is a sine-qua-non in securing conviction in any crime. As Human Trafficking is an organized crime, prepare a matrix of crime-offender-evidence and present it in the CD.


Briefing the prosecutors not only on the facts of the case, but also on the victims traumas, organised crime linkage etc., Prepare the victim for testimony in court with the assistance of counsellors or NGOs.

Referral mechanism

The objective is to rehabilitate trafficked persons by referring them to counselors or relief, for health care for psychological intervention, legal representation, victim compensation and overall rehabilitation.

Prevention & Rehabilitation

Prevention through aggressive law enforcement by putting traffickers behind bars. Properly rehabilitating victims through partners such as Prajwala. Prevention of re-trafficking, at source and transit areas.

Partners of AHTU

AHTU works closely with various Government, Non-Government and International bodies to support women and children with Human Trafficking related crimes. Some of our partners include Telangana State Commission, NCPCR, SCPCR and Woman & Child Welfare Department and various NGOs.

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